Committee To Protect Journalists: Number Of Jailed Journalists Hits Historic High

By Aaron Kesel

The Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ) has declared the number of journalists imprisoned worldwide has hit a new record at a total of 262 journalists behind bars around the world. Unsurprisingly, out of those being held, just under three-quarters are being accused of anti-government activities, many of which were arrested under “broad and vague terror laws” in their respective countries.

The group stated these arrests reflect the overall climate of the situation in what they called a “dismal failure by the international community to address a global crisis in freedom of the press.”

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United Nations CITY-STATE: Obelisks of City Of New York

Manhattan Obelisks

Cleopatra’s Needle    East Drive, Central Park

The only giant Egyptian obelisk in the Western Hemisphere, Cleopatra’s Needle was a gift to the U.S. from Khedive Ismail, grandson of Muhammad Ali, in 1879 to honor the Civil War veterans serving in his army and to encourage good trade relations between the U.S. and Egypt after the opening of the Suez Canal (1869). U.S. Navy Lieutenant-Commander Henry H. Gorringe was responsible for moving the 69-foot, 220-ton obelisk from Alexandria to NYC, and the project was entirely funded by William H. Vanderbilt, son of railroad tycoon Cornelius Vanderbilt. Gorringe documented this bold engineering feat and the obelisk’s long but interesting journey in his book Egyptian Obelisks. Cleopatra’s Needle had to be lowered from where it stood in Alexandria since antiquity (it had been placed in front of the temple dedicated to Julius Caesar by Augustus), and moved to the Nile on a specially built platform. Gorringe had to negotiate for, purchase, and repair the dilapidated ocean steamer Dessoug in Alexandria, load the obelisk, brave the Atlantic, build a track to transport the obelisk on land to the Central Park (the obelisk moved about 100 feet per day across 96th St to Broadway, south to 86th St, and east toward the park), then raise the monument into its assigned location. The obelisk was erected on a freezing January day in 1881 in Central Park, nearly two and a half years after Gorringe first set sail for Alexandria. But the trip was worth it, and the obelisk still stands today behind the Metropolitan Museum of Art surrounded by benches and trees, the oldest man-made object in Central Park.

Continue reading United Nations CITY-STATE: Obelisks of City Of New York